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ASM disk discovery problem arup nanda ACE oracle

The other day

The other day, we had a serious issue in the ASM diskgroups - one diskgroup refused to come up because one disk was missing; but it was not clear from the message which of the 283 devices was missing. This underscores the difficulty in diagnosing ASM discovery related issues. In this post, I have tried to present a way to diagnose this sort of issues through a real example.

We had planned to move from one storage device to another (EMC DMX-3 to DMX-4) using SRDF/A technology. The new storage was attached to a new server. The idea was to replicate data at the storage level using SRDF/A. At the end of the replication process, we shut the database and ASM down and brought up the ASM instance in the newer storage on the new server. Since the copy was disk level, the disk signatures were intact and the ASM disks retained their identity from the older storage. So, when the ASM instance was started, it recognized all the disks and mounted all the diskgroups (10 of them) except one.

While bringing up a disk group called APP_DG3 on the new server it complained that disk number “1” is missing; but it was not clear which particular disk was. In this blog the situation was diagnosed and performed.

Note: the asm disk paths changed on the storage. This was not really a problem; since we could simply define a new asm_diskstring. Remember: the diskstring initialization parameter simply tells the ASM instance which disks should be looked at while discovering. Once those disks are identified, ASM looks at its signature on the disk headers to check the properties - the disk number, the diskgroup it belongs to, the capacity, version compatibilty and so on. So as long as the correct asm_diskstring init parameter is provided, ASM can readily discover the disks and get the correct names.

Diagnosis