Here’s a quick and dirty script to create a procedure (in the SYS schema – so be careful) to check the Hakan Factor for an object. If you’re not familiar with the Hakan Factor, it’s the value that gets set when you use the command “alter table minimize records_per_block;”.
I was prompted to publish this note by an item on the OTN SQL forum describing a problem with partition exchange with a table when there were bitmap indexes in place and the table had been changed to have some extra columns added. (Problem as yet unresolved as I publish).
If you start playing with the Hakan Factor, you’ll find that there are some odd little bugs in what gets stored and how it gets used. (SQL updated to use bitand() to reflect comments below and Karsten Spang’s blog note; also edited following a comment on OTN to show the rest of the spare1 flag bits)
Materialized views open up all sorts of possibilities for making reporting more efficient – but at the same time they can introduce some “interesting” side effects when you start seeing refreshes taking place. (Possibly one of the most dramatic surprises appeared in the upgrade that switched many refreshes into “atomic” mode, changing a “truncate / append” cycle into a massively expensive “delete / insert” cycle).
If you want to have some ideas of the type of work that is involved in the materialized view “fast refresh”, you could look at a recent pair of articles by Alberto Dell’Era on (very specifically) outer join materialized views (which a link back to a much older article on inner join materialized view refresh):
When using Locally Managed Tablespaces (LMT) with variable, system managed extent sizes (AUTOALLOCATE) and data files residing in ASM the Allocation Unit (AU) size can make a significant difference to the algorithm that searches for free extents.The corresponding free extent search algorithm when searching for free extents >= the AU size seems to only search for free extents on AU boundaries in order to avoid I/O splitting.Furthermore the algorithm seems to use two extent sizes when searching for free extents: A "desired" (for example 8MB) and a "minimum acceptable" (for example 1MB) extent size - however when performing the search the "desired" size seems to be relevant when limiting the search to free extents on AU boundaries.This can lead to some surprising side effects, in particular when using 4MB AUs.It effectively means that although you might have plenty o
Here’s a little detail that appeared in 11gR2 that may help you answer questions about open cursors. Oracle has added a “cursor type” column to the view v$open_cursor, so you can now see which cursors have been held open because of the pl/sql cursor cache, which have been held by the session cursor cache, and various other reasons why Oracle may take a short-cut when you fire a piece of SQL at it.
The following is the output showing the state of a particular session just after it has started up in SQL*Plus and called a PL/SQL procedure to run a simple count:
This note is about a feature of LOBs that I first desribed in “Practial Oracle 8i” but have yet to see used in real life. It’s a description of how efficient Oracle can be, which I’ll start with a description of, and selection from, a table:
Question – How can you have a single file in a single tablespace showing multiple free extents when there are no objects using any space in that file ? For example, from an 184.108.40.206 database:
SQL> select 2 * 3 from user_free_space 4 where 5 tablespace_name = 'TEST_8K' 6 order by 7 file_id, block_id 8 ; TABLESPACE_N FILE_ID BLOCK_ID BYTES BLOCKS RELATIVE_FNO ------------ ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ------------ TEST_8K 3 128 1048576 128 3 TEST_8K 3 256 1048576 128 3 TEST_8K 3 384 1048576 128 3 TEST_8K 3 512 130023424 15872 3 4 rows selected.
The answer in this case is simple – here’s what I did just before running my query:
I was at a client site recently where one of the end-users seemed to have discovered a cunning strategy for optimising a critical SQL statement. His problem was that his query screen times out after 2 minutes, so any query he runs has to complete in less than two minutes or he doesn’t see the results. Unfortunately he had a particular query which took nearly 32 minutes from cold to complete – partly because it’s a seven-table join using ANSI OUTER joins, against tables ranging through the 10s of millions of rows and gigabytes of data – the (necessary) tablescan of the table that had to be first in the join order took 70 seconds alone.
Red Gate have asked me to write a few articles for their Oracle site, so I’ve sent them a short series on “traditional” compression in Oracle – which means I won’t be mentioning Exadata hybrid columnar compression (HCC a.k.a. EHCC). There will be five articles, published at the rate of one per week starting Tuesday (15th Jan). I’ll be supplying links for them as they are published.
Here’s a little puzzle if you have nothing better to do between now and the new year. The following extract came from 220.127.116.11, but could have come from 10.2.0.5 or 18.104.22.168 (and many others). I’ve got a simple heap table where the last thing I (or anyone) did was “alter table t1 move” before dumping the first (data) block of the table. Looking at the resulting trace file, I see the following:
fsbo=0x56e fseo=0xf4d avsp=0x5f tosp=0x5f
If you need to have the acronyms decoded they are (according to my best guess):
fsbo – free space, beginning of
fseo – free space, end of
avsp – available space
tosp – total space
Doing the arithmetic, the free space starts at offset 0x56e and ends at 0xf4d, which means the free space gap is 2,527 bytes; but the total space available for use is only 0x5f bytes, i.e. 95 bytes. So what has happened to the other 2,432 ?